Proper Techniques For Rotation: Volleyball Rotation Rules

It is very important for a team to understand the proper technique for rotation in a game of volleyball. A team can only rotate in volleyball when they receive a serve after winning a rally with the opposite team. Once a team receives a serve, all six players must rotate clockwise once so that the new server rotates from the right front to the right back of the court. Below are few volleyball rotation rules.

Volleyball Rotation Rules

Knowing the Six Court Positions

Each team’s side of the court will have two rows of three players each making a total of six positions. The players rotate clockwise. Below are the six positions (labeled counter- clockwise):

  • Position 1: The right back- where the serving player is.
  • Position 2: The right front- in front of right back.
  • Position 3: The middle front- to the left of front right.
  • Position 4: The left front- to the left of middle front.
  • Position 5: The left back- behind the left front.
  • Position 6: The middle back- behind the middle front.

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Knowing your Position in the Team

A player’s court position is where he/ she is standing on the court which changes with every rotation; the player’s position on the team is their set role and this doesn’t change. Here are the positions of the players and what they do:

  • The Setter: The job of the setter is to set the hitters for them to hit the ball.
  • The Outside-hitter: The outside- hitter hits the ball from the strong corner- front left for right- handed players and front right for left- handed players.
  • The Middle-blocker: The middle- blocker is usually a strong and tall person on the team who is mostly in the middle front and blocks every hit. This player can also move to form a double block with either of the outside hitters.
  • DS: The DS player plays in the black row and does a lot of rolling and digging so that they can keep the ball in play. They have to make a substitution with the refs if they want to come in the game.

Knowing when to Rotate

You rotate when you side- out. A side- out case is when the opposite team has the serve but your team has won. If your team wins the point when the other team is serving, then the person in the front right will move to the right back, thus becoming the new server. If your team is serving and you win a point, then you do not rotate but stay in the same position. After a player serves from position 1, he/ she will rotate to position 6 (middle back), then to position five, then to position four, then to position three, then to position two, before returning to position 1, the serving position.

Knowing when to sub out

A player may either stay in the game or be subbed out with another player when they reach a certain rotation. This depends on the player’s level of play and position.

Knowing where to move during your Rotations

A player can move after the server makes contact with the ball to optimize your position. Until the ball is served, a player cannot move. While players can move positions, the backcourt players can’t move to the net to block or spike and must make all the attacking actions behind the attack line. This rule exists so that the skilled Spikers can’t dominate in all of their six rotations. The setter can also look like he’s hiding behind other players before a point because he has to be in correct rotation order before he can move to the net.

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